During the 19th century, the term “social question” emerged to describe the pressing political challenge of addressing the adverse social consequences of industrialization. While the Industrial Revolution ushered in significant economic and societal transformations, it also led to exploiting workers, hazardous working conditions, and inadequate social welfare systems. Consequently, reform and social progress became imperative, giving rise to numerous social movements and political organizations dedicated to advocating for workers’ rights, social welfare, and various aspects of social justice.
Within the framework of social justice at the International Labour Organization (ILO), South-South and Triangular Cooperation (SSTC) can be described as a collaborative effort involving two or more developing countries, often with the support of traditional partners. These collaborations are guided by the principles of solidarity and non-conditionality, primarily aiming to implement development models that prioritise inclusivity and equitable distribution, driven by the demands of the affected populations. SSTC serves as a complementary approach alongside North-South cooperation, working collectively to advance opportunities for social justice. As evidenced by its integration into the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda, SSTC has emerged as a pivotal modality for international development cooperation. It has become an indispensable tool within the United Nations Development System, particularly in promoting social justice at the ILO.
A Step-by-Step Guide will tell you more about ILO and social justice!